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Bibliography – Home Education UK

Home Education in the UK: A Bibliography (2009 – 2019)

Compiled by Rahel Berman

This is a comprehensive bibliography of academic publications regarding home education in the UK since 2009 and Badman’s review. 

Arora, T. 2006 Elective Home Education and Special Educational Needs. Journal of Research on Special Educational Needs 6(1):55-66

Barson, L., 2004 Communities of Practice and Home Education (HE) Support Groups. In Women’s Studies International Forum (Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 541-552).

de Bellaigue, C., 2015. Home education 1750–1900: domestic pedagogies in England and Wales in historical perspective.

Bhopal, K. and Myers, M., 2016. Marginal groups in marginal times: Gypsy and Traveller parents and home education in England, UK. British Educational Research Journal, 42(1), pp.5-20.

Bhopal, K. and Myers, M., 2009. A pilot study to investigate reasons for elective home education for Gypsy and Traveller children in Hampshire.

Bowers, P., 2018. The Home Education Experience: what can it teach us? (Doctoral dissertation, UCL (University College London)).

Burke, B., 2007. Home education: the experience of parents in a divided community (Doctoral dissertation, Institute of Education, University of London).

de Carvalho, E. and Skipper, Y., 2018. “We’re not just sat at home in our pyjamas!”: a thematic analysis of the social lives of home educated adolescents in the UK. European Journal of Psychology of Education, pp.1-16.

Charles-Warner, W., 2015. Home-education and the safeguarding myth: Analysing the facts behind the rhetoric.The Journal of Personalised Education Now, 22.

Clavell-Bate, R., 2012. Elective Home Education: Supporting Access to Education for Children and Young People Within the Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Community. In Transforming Troubled Lives: Strategies and Interventions for Children with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (pp. 175-191). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

D’Arcy, K., 2014a. Home education, racism and Traveller communities. Race Equality Teaching, 33(1), pp.27-31.

D’Arcy, K. 2014b. Home Education, School, Travellers and Educational Inclusion. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 35(5):818-835

D’arcy, K., 2014c. Travellers and Home Education: Safe Spaces and Inequality. Trentham Books. Available from: IOE Press, Institute of Education, 20 Bedford Way, London, WC1H 0AL, UK.

Daniels, R.M., 2017. Exploring the motivations and practices of parents home educating their children with ASD (Doctoral dissertation, UCL (University College London)).

Davies, R., 2015a. A suitable education? Other Education,4(1), pp.16-32.

Davies, R., 2015b. Home education: then and now. Oxford Review of Education, 41(4), pp.534-548.

Davies, R., 2009. The affirmation of ordinary life: curricula structure for home education. In British Educational Research Association Conference.

Dowty, T. & Cowlishaw, K. (2002) Home Educating Our Autistic Spectrum Children. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Eddis, S., 2015. A Case of Mistaken Identity: Perspectives of Home Educators and State Officials in England and Wales, and Florida, USA. In Rothermel P. (eds) International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 99-110). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Elmore, J., 2015, October. How Do Home Educating Families’ Experiences of Information Literacy Relate to Existing Models?. In European Conference on Information Literacy (pp. 590-599). Springer, Cham.

Elmore, J. and Stordy, P., 2015. An exploration of the information literacy experiences of home educating families. Library and Information Research, 39(120), pp.8-28.

Fensham-Smith, A.J., 2017. New technologies, Knowledge, Networks and Communities in Home-education (Doctoral dissertation, Cardiff University).

Forrester, G. and Taylor, E., 2011. Home Alone? Developments in the surveillance and monitoring of home educated children in England. In British Education Research Association Annual Conference, Institute of Education, London, September (pp. 6-8).

Fortune-Wood, M. 2007 Can’t Go, Won’t Go. Blaenau Ffestiniog: Cinnamon Press

Gabb, S. (2005) ‘Home schooling: a British perspective.’ In S. B. Cooper (ed.), Home Schooling in Full View: A Reader, pp. 199–228. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Gutherson, P. and Mountford-Lees, J., 2011. New models for organising education: ‘Flexi-schooling’–how one school does it well. Reading, England: CfBT Education Trust.

Ivatts, A. 2006 Elective Home Education, the Situation regarding the Current Policy, Provision and Practice in Elective Home Education (EHE) for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Children. London: Department for Education and Skills

Jennens, R. (2011). Professional knowledge and practice in health, welfare and educational agencies in England in relation to children being educated at home: An exploratory review. Child Care in Practice, 17, 143–161.

Jones, T., 2013. Through the lens of home-educated children: engagement in education. Educational Psychology in Practice,29(2), pp.107-121.

Kendall, L. and Taylor, E., 2016. ‘We can’t make him fit into the system’: parental reflections on the reasons why home education is the only option for their child who has special educational needs. Education 3-13, 44(3), pp.297-310.

Kraftl, P., 2016. Moments of Withdrawal: Homeschooling Mothers’ Experiences of Taking Their Children Out of Mainstream Education. Body/State, p.157.

Kraftl, P., 2013. Towards geographies of ‘alternative’ education: a case study of UK home schooling families. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38(3), pp.436-450.

Lawrence, C., 2017. Can sharing education between home and school benefit the child with autism? (Doctoral dissertation, Sheffield Hallam University).

Lees, H. 2014 Education without Schools: Discovering Alternatives. Bristol: Policy Press

Lees, H.E., 2011. The gateless gate of home education discovery: what happens to the self of adults upon discovery of the possibility and possibilities of an educational alternative? (Doctoral dissertation, University of Birmingham).

Lees, H.E. and Nicholson, F., 2017. Home Education in the United Kingdom. The Wiley Handbook of Home Education, pp.303-328.

McAvoy, A., 2015. How Are New Technologies Impacting Elective Home Learners?. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 74-84). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

McAvoy, A., 2014. A discourse on broadband technologies and curriculum access in elective home learning. Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning, 8(16), pp.18-33.

McIntyre‐Bhatty, K., 2008. Truancy and coercive consent: Is there an alternative?. Educational Review, 60(4), pp.375-390.

McIntyre-Bhatty, K., 2007. Interventions and interrogations: An analysis of recent policy imperatives and their rationales in the case of home education. Education, Knowledge & Economy,1(3), pp.241-259.

Monk, D., 2015. Home education: a human right?. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 166-178). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Monk, D., 2009. Regulating home education: negotiating standards, anomalies and rights. Child & Fam. LQ, 21, p.155.

Morton, R., 2017. Home education: Constructions of choice. International electronic journal of elementary education, 3(1), pp.45-56.

Morton, R., 2010, April. Walking the line: Home education as a fine balance between parental fulfilment and hard labour. In British Sociological Conference.

Myers, M. and Bhopal, K., 2018. Home Schooling and Home Education: Race, Class and Inequality. Routledge.

Myers, M. and Bhopal, K., 2018. Muslims, home education and risk in British society. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 39(2), pp.212-226.

Myers, M. and Bhopal, K., 2017. Home education: risk, choice and marginalised communities. Paper presented at European Conference on Educational Research 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21/08/17 – 25/08/17.

Nelson, J., 2011. Local Authorities’ views of the Badman Review into Elective Home Education (Dissertation for the degree of MRes, University of Birmingham).

Nelson, J., 2014. Home education: exploring the views of parents, children and young people (Doctoral dissertation, University of Birmingham).

Parsons, S. and Lewis, A., 2010. The home‐education of children with special needs or disabilities in the UK: views of parents from an online survey. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 14(1), pp.67-86.

Pattison, H., 2015. How to Desire Differently: Home Education as a Heterotopia. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 49(4), pp.619-637.

Pattison, H., 2014. Rethinking learning to read: The challenge from children educated at home (Doctoral dissertation, University of Birmingham).

Pattison, H. and Thomas, A., 2016. Great expectations: Agenda and authority in technological, hidden and cultural curriculums. In The Palgrave International Handbook of Alternative Education (pp. 129-144). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Rothermel, P., 2015. Home Education: A Desperately Dangerous Notion?. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 189-207). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Rothermel, P., 2011. Setting the Record Straight: Interviews with a Hundred British Home Educating Families. Journal of Unschooling & Alternative Learning, 5(10).

Rothermel, P.J., 2010. Home Education: Practising without Prejudice? Every Child Journal 1(5):48-53

Rothermel, P., 2004. Home-education: Comparison of home-and school-educated children on PIPS baseline assessments.journal of early childhood research, 2(3), pp.273-299.

Safran Barson, L., 2015. Home Educating Parents: Martyrs or Pathmakers?. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 21-29). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Safran, L., 2010. Legitimate peripheral participation and home education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(1), pp.107-112.

Safran, L., 2008. Exploring identity change and communities of practice among long term home educating parents (Doctoral dissertation, Open University).

Smith, E. and Nelson, J., 2015. Using the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey to examine the prevalence and characteristics of families who home educate in the UK. Educational Studies,41(3), pp.312-325.

Stafford, B., 2012. Bad evidence: the curious case of the government-commissioned review of elective home education in England and how parents exposed its weaknesses.Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 8(3), pp.361-381.

Taylor, L. E., 2000, Home Education Regulations in Europe and Recent U.K. Research. Peabody Journal of Education, 75(1-2): 49-70

Taylor, E., Kendall, L. and Forrester, G., 2011, September. No school like home and no home like school: parents’ responses to the Badman report and its recommendations. British Education Research Association Annual Conference, Institute of Education, London.

Thomas, A. and Pattison, H., 2015. The Informal Acquisition and Development of Literacy. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 57-73). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Thomas, A. & Pattison, H. 2013 Informal Home Education: Philosophical Aspirations put into Practice. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 32(2):141-154

Thomas, A. & Pattison, H. 2008 How Children Learn at Home. New York: Continuum

Webb, S., 2010. Elective Home Education in the UK. Trentham Books Ltd. Westview House 734 London Road, Oakhill, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, ST4 5NP, UK.

Wray, A. & Thomas, A. 2013 School Refusal and Home Education. Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning, 7(13)

Yusof, N., 2015. Parental and children’s views on mathematical learning within the home environment. In International Perspectives on Home Education (pp. 44-56). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Yusof, N.F., 2009. A study of the relationship between the mathematical beliefs and teaching practices of home-educating parents in the context of their children’s perceptions and knowledge of mathematics (Doctoral dissertation, University of Warwick).

Home education and government regulation outside of the UK:

Blok, H. (2004) ‘Performance in home-schooling: an argument against compulsory schooling in the Netherlands’. International Review of Education, 50 (1), pp. 39–52Blok, H. (2004) ‘Performance in home-schooling: an argument against compulsory schooling in the Netherlands’. International Review of Education, 50 (1), pp. 39–52

Blok, H., & Karsten, S. (2011). Inspection of home education in European countries. European Journal of Education, 46(1), 138–152.

Blok, H., Merry, M.S. and Karsten, S., 2016. The Legal Situation of Home Education in Europe. The Wiley Handbook of Home Education, p.395.

Bosetti, L. and Van Pelt, D., 2017. Provisions for Homeschooling in Canada: Parental Rights and the Role of the State. Pro-Posições, 28(2), pp.39-56.

Brabant, C., & Bourdon, S. (2012). Educational change and reflexive governance: Experimentation of an appropriation of change model by Quebec home educators group.Education et Francophonie, 40(1), 32–55.

Donnelly, M.P., 2016. The Human Right of Home Education.Journal of School Choice, 10(3), pp.283-296.

Duvall, S. F. (2005) ‘The effectiveness of home-schooling students with special needs.’ In S. B. Cooper (ed.), Home Schooling in Full View: A Reader, pp. 151–66. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing

Jackson, G. and Allan, S., 2010. Fundamental elements in examining a child’s right to education: A study of home education research and regulation in Australia. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2(3), pp.349-364.

Kammann, M., 2015. Homeschool regulation: Directive without direction (Doctoral dissertation, Murdoch University).

Kunzman, R. and Gaither, M., 2013. Homeschooling: A comprehensive survey of the research. Other Education, 2(1), pp.4-59.

Kunzman, R., 2012. Education, schooling, and children’s rights: The complexity of homeschooling. Educational Theory, 62(1):75–89.

Kunzman, R., 2009. Understanding homeschooling: A better approach to regulation. School Field, 7(3):311-330.

Lagos, J.A., 2012. Parental Education Rights in Canada: Canon and Civil Law Approaches to Homeschooling. Studia canonica, 46(2):401.

Liberto, G., 2016. Child-led and interest-inspired learning, home education, learning differences and the impact of regulation. Cogent Education, 3(1), p.1194734.

Petrie, A. (2001) ‘Home education in Europe and the implementation of changes to the law’. International Review of Education, 47 (5), pp. 477–500.

Ray, B. and Eagleson, B., 2008. State regulation of homeschooling and homeschoolers’ SAT scores. Academic leadership: the online journal, 6(3), p.17.

Van Pelt, D. and Bosetti, L., 2017. What the United States Can Learn from Canada’s Experience with Home Schooling. The Wiley Handbook of School Choice, p.376.

Relevant government reports

Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2016. Overview of the ADCS survey on elective home education.
Available at:

Badman, G., 2009. Report to the Secretary of State on the review of elective home education in England (Vol. 610). The Stationery Office.
Available at:

Duckworth, K., Akerman, R., MacGregor, A., Salter, E. and Vorhaus, J., 2009. Self-regulated learning: a literature review. [Wider Benefits of Learning Research Report No. 33]. Available at:

Forrester, D., Maxwell, N., Slater, T., Doughty, J. and Board, S., 2017. An evidence based review of the risks to children and young people who are educated at home Final Report.
Wales. Available at:

Foster, D., 2018. Home education in England. Report to the House of Commons.
Available at:

Hopwood, V., O’Neill, L., Castro, G. and Hodgson, B., 2007. The prevalence of home education in England: A feasibility study.
Available at:

House of Commons Education Committee, 2012. Support for Home Education Fifth Report of Session 2012–13 Volume I
Available at:

House of Commons. Children, Schools and Families Committee, 2009. The Review of Elective Home Education: Government response to the Committee’s second report of session 2009–10. Second Special Report of Session 2009–10. London: TSO [online].
Available at:


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